BioEnergy Bytes

  • BioEnergyBytesDFPacific Ethanol has announced it has purchased an additional 5% ownership interest in PE Op Co., the owner of the Pacific Ethanol plants, for a total cash purchase price of $6,000,000. The acquisition increased the company’s ownership interest in the Pacific Ethanol plants to 96%.
  • ReneSola Ltd has announced that it will develop a 13MW solar project in Dorset, England. The company expects the solar farm to be fully operational and connected to the national energy grid by end of this year. The company has identified a number of potential buyers for the project, which received planning consent in January 2014 and is eligible for the United Kingdom’s support scheme to promote renewable electricity-generating technologies. The project will feature ReneSola PV modules exclusively, specifically the Company’s top-rated Virtus II.
  • HelioSage Energy, a national developer of utility scale solar projects, has announced the sale of a 77 MWdc/60 MWac portfolio of development-stage solar facilities in North Carolina. The portfolio is comprised of 12 ground-mounted solar projects sited in eastern North Carolina. Once constructed, the projects will sell power under a Power Purchase Agreement with either Duke Energy-Progress or the North Carolina Eastern Municipal Power Agency.
  • Chint Power Systems America has announced an agreement with the non-profit organization, Wichita Falls Faith Mission, Inc., on behalf of its shelter for women and children, Faith Refuge, in Wichita Falls, Texas. The 24,000 sq. ft. homeless shelter that opened in May 2012 is partially powered by about 650 solar panels. Under the agreement, Chint will provide array services to maximize the site operation and energy harvest leveraging its research and development (R&D) and Service center based in Dallas, Texas. Under the agreement, Chint will use the 180kW array for monitoring, evaluating and testing solar inverters, accessories, data monitoring and field services.

BioEnergy Bytes

  • BioEnergyBytesDFOfficials from Xcel Energy, the EPA, and the Colorado State Land Board joined community solar developer Clean Energy Collective to officially open Denver County’s newest community solar facilities — two state-of-the-art 500 kW solar arrays that make affordable, locally-made clean power available to all Xcel Energy customers, residential or commercial, in Denver County. Developed on a 5-acre site at the Evie Garrett Dennis School campus in northeast Denver, the two medium-scale solar PV arrays, consisting of more than 4,000 panels, are the eighth and ninth arrays CEC has brought online as part of Xcel Energy’s Solar Rewards Communities program.
  • ScottMadden, Inc., one of North America’s leading energy consulting firms, recently joined forces with Energy Central to present an interactive webinar, “State of the Energy Industry: A Mid-Year Review.” This session, moderated by Stuart Pearman, partner and energy practice leader at ScottMadden, was based on ScottMadden’s latest Energy Industry Update, a semi-annual publication featuring our view of recent significant events and emerging trends that is received by more than 10,000 industry leaders.
  • Park Avenue Coffee has opened their newest and greenest cafe, located at 5105 Columbia Avenue on The Hill (Washington, DC). Microgrid Solar installed 200 solar panels to enable Park Avenue Coffee to operate the cafe and roasting facility at net zero, providing all electricity for the building. The Microgrid Solar turnkey solar installation provides the energy equivalent to powering 206 personal computers and 1547 CFL light bulbs, along with saving 126 barrels of oil.
  • Ecuador has formally joined as a member country of the World Energy Council in a ceremony in Quito last Friday 22 August. In the ceremony, hosted by Dr Esteban Albornoz Vintimilla, Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy, the World Energy Council formally welcomed Ecuador into its global energy leadership community.

BioEnergy Bytes

  • BioEnergyBytesDFThe Maryland Energy Administration has begun accepting applications for its Natural Gas Refilling Station Grant Program. The Program is intended to boost the number of fast fill natural gas stations in the State that enable speedy refueling of natural gas vehicles at publicly accessible stations. This transportation program promotes greater energy independence throughout the state by encouraging investment in cleaner fuel and automobile technologies. The new program is funded through the Strategic Energy Investment Fund in partnership with the Maryland Energy Administration, Maryland Clean Cities Coalition, Maryland Department of Environment and Gladstein Neandross & Associates.
  • How can you reap the rewards available in the UK solar market? Robert Goss, Managing Director of Conergy UK answers this question and many more in a detailed white paper analyzing solar project development and financing in the UK, featured in the free Clean Energy Pipeline’s Clean Energy UK Finance Guide 2014.
  • SunEdison, Inc. and its affiliate TerraForm Power, Inc. have announced the completion and interconnection of a 2.6 megawatt (MW) DC system at the Coalinga State Hospital and a 1.6 MW DC system at the Pleasant Valley State Prison. The systems were installed for the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) and California Department of State Hospitals, and together will provide enough electricity annually to power approximately 800 homes.
  • Alternative Earth Resources Inc. has announced that it has completed the sale of certain geothermal projects to Ormat Nevada Inc. pursuant to a Purchase and Sale Agreement dated August 5, 2014. Under the Transaction, Ormat also has the option, exercisable for 4 years, to acquire an additional geothermal lease. Shareholder approval for the Transaction was obtained at the annual and special meeting of shareholders held on August 22, 2014.

BioEnergy Bytes

  • BioEnergyBytesDFEPCE, the Energy Providers Coalition for Education, and its founding education partner, the Bismarck State College (BSC) National Energy Center for Excellence have announced the newest addition to their high-quality energy education resources – the Nuclear Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) online simulator. This simulator is integrated into BSC’s online Nuclear Power Technology curriculum designed to educate a pipeline of employees for the nuclear power industry. This simulator includes all the aspects of an actual nuclear power plant.
  • Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) has announced the launch of a major new campaign, Defend Our Future, that will focus on motivating young voters to show their support for climate action at the ballot box. The campaign will begin with a two million dollar voter turnout effort in Colorado aimed at demonstrating the power of young voters who care solving climate change.
  • Yingli Green Energy Holding Company Limited, known as “Yingli Solar,” has announced that they have partnered with renewable energy developer Push Energy Ltd. to supply Yingli Solar’s multicyrstalline modules for four large-scale PV power plants in the United Kingdom.
  • Cougar Solar, the UK’s premier source for solar powered gadgets and devices is set to launch a new magazine come September 2014. The main goal of the magazine is to be a primary source of information for all things solar energy related in the UK and internationally. The magazine is aimed at individuals and businesses alike, to be both educative and informative.

BioEnergy Bytes

  • BioEnergyBytesDFThe Export-Import Bank of the United States (Ex-Im Bank) has authorized a pair of direct loans to two wind power projects in Peru for the export of wind turbines manufactured in Hutchinson, Kansas, and Fort Madison, Iowa, by Siemens Energy Inc. The financing, almost $65 million in total, represents Ex-Im Bank’s first renewable-energy transactions in Peru and will support approximately 800 U.S. jobs in Kansas and Iowa, according to bank estimates derived from Departments of Commerce and Labor data and methodology. Additionally, 20 percent of each transaction should provide indirect support to small-business exporters.
  • Finavera Wind Energy Inc. has announced they have signed an agreement to acquire 100% of the equity of Solar Alliance of America, Inc., a corporation under the laws of California in a transaction valued at $6 million USD. Under the terms of the agreement, Finavera will acquire Solar Alliance for $4 million USD in cash and $2 million USD in stock, based on the volume weighted average 20-day trading price of Finavera following the closing of the transaction, with a floor price of not less than $0.21 per share. This represents a premium of approximately 45% over the Company’s previous closing price.
  • Investment into the UK’s distributed power generation market, which comprises wind, solar Photovoltaic (PV) and combined heat and power installed capacity, will witness a significant decline from almost $2.5 billion in 2013 to $939 million by 2019, says research and consulting firm GlobalData. “Policy Amendments Leave the UK Distributed Power Generation Market in Disarray,” states that investment, which will fluctuate annually between 2013 and 2015, will begin declining from 2016 until the end of the forecast period, as a result of various anticipated policy amendments.
  • Solar Microgrid of St. Louis was recently selected to lead the solar contractor for the City of Chicago’s solar program – called “Solar Chicago” – that Enables homeowners in the Chicago area to purchase solar at the group-discounted rate. The Chicago program is half over, and is expected to double the original target of 750 registrants.

BioEnergy Bytes

  • BioEnergyBytesDFMaxwell Technologies, Inc. has announced that Win Inertia, an engineering firm specializing in power electronics, energy storage and control and communication systems, is using its ultracapacitors for a stationary wayside braking energy recuperation system at an electric rail system in Cerro Negro, Spain. Win Inertia designed and installed the system under a contract with the Spanish government’s Administrator of Railway Infrastructures (ADIF). In this installation, the system also enables ADIF to store excess energy in a battery bank that supplies an electric vehicle charging station located at the rail station. The facility also seamlessly integrated a photovoltaic generator to supply additional energy if required.
  • Ellomay Capital Ltd., an emerging operator in the renewable energy and energy infrastructure sector, has announced the approval by the Italian parliament and the conversion into law of the Italian decree providing for a decrease in the Feed-in-Tariff guaranteed to existing photovoltaic plants with nominal capacity of more than 200 kW (“Law 116/2014″).
  • Genera Energy has released a new infographic featuring a visual overview of biomass feedstock and guidelines for choosing the best solution for every biomass project. The four-page infographic highlights key supply chain elements and explores which biomass crops are best suited for an application.
  • Washington, D.C. has allocated $200,000 to be used to create a kinetically-powered “Connecticut Avenue Overlook Parklet“. The tech to generate electricity from the footsteps of passersby will come from 100 Pavegen kinetic pavers that are expected to generate an annual 456.25 kilowatts of energy. That energy will be stored and used to power lighting for the 850-square-foot mini-park, which is being designed by ZGF Architects LLP.

BioEnergy Bytes

  • BioEnergyBytesDFThe Court of His Majesty Willem-Alexander, King of the Netherlands, will attend the Grand Opening of POET-DSM Advanced Biofuels’ Project LIBERTY cellulosic ethanol plant in Emmetsburg, Iowa on Wednesday, Sept. 3. The King will take part in the Grand Opening Ceremony to perform the formal opening activity, scheduled for 11 a.m.-12:20 p.m. and tour the plant. POET-DSM is a joint venture between the U.S.-based POET and the Netherlands-based DSM.
  • Neste Jacobs will be speaking at World Bio Markets Brasil 2014 in September. Ahead of this session, they have released a new free report “Biofuels, do they have a future?” The report covers: feedstock – start with finding a feasible feedstock; processing – which one is the right one for your product? and end product – Neste Oil’s renewable diesel NExBTL.
  • DuPont has filed a patent infringement lawsuit against SunEdison and its affiliate NVT LLC in the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware. In its complaint, DuPont alleges that by sourcing and using photovoltaic cells and solar modules containing Samsung SDI Co., Ltd. front side metallization paste, SunEdison infringes DuPont’s patented tellurium paste technology. The complaint also identifies Neo Solar Power of Taiwan as the cell manufacturer and Flextronics as SunEdison’s contract manufacturer.
  • The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has announced that Southern Research Institute has been selected for negotiation for an award of up to $5.9 million to advance production of high performance, low cost carbon fibers from biomass. The DOE award will fund development of a multi-step catalytic process for conversion of sugars from non-food biomass to acrylonitrile – a key precursor in the production of carbon fiber.

BioEnergy Bytes

  • BioEnergyBytesDFClean Energy Collective (CEC), a community-owned solar developer, has been named to the 2014 Inc. 500/5000 list, an exclusive ranking of the nation’s fastest-growing private companies. Ranked number 194 overall, and 11th within the Energy segment, CEC was recognized for its innovative community-owned solar solution being adopted by utilities and communities across the country. Between 2010 and 2013 CEC’s revenue grew 2,217 percent.
  • CBD Energy Limited has, through its Australian Energy Efficiency subsidiary, Parmac, been awarded installation and maintenance contracts in Melbourne, Australia. The total estimated value of the contracts is approximately US$1.7 million. The projects are expected to be commissioned in September and to be completed in December, 2014. As part of the agreements, Parmac will also earn ongoing operations and maintenance fees.
  • Tanzanian Minister of Energy and Minerals, Professor Sospeter Muhongo, disclosed that the Tanzania Geothermal Development Company kick started operations last month as a subsidiary of the Tanzania Electric Supply Company (TANESCO). The company’s goal is to start generating up to 4,000 megawatts of electricity from geothermal energy within two years.
  • Canadian Solar Inc. announced that its wholly-owned subsidiary, Canadian Solar Solutions Inc., has completed the sale of Good Light, a 10 MW AC solar power plant located in the town of Kawartha Lakes, Ontario, Canada, valued at over C$66.0 million ($60.3 million) to a BluEarth Renewables Inc. subsidiary. This is the second of four planned solar projects being acquired by BluEarth from Canadian Solar, totalling 38.5 MW AC.

BioEnergy Bytes

  • BioEnergyBytesDFThis year has seen China make a significant impact on the world’s nuclear power industry, having brought three new reactors online with a total capacity of 3.2 Gigawatts (GW), according to an analyst with research and consulting firm GlobalData. China currently has 20 active nuclear reactors, with a further 28 under construction. Another 10 reactors are expected to begin commercial operation between 2017 and 2025, with a total capacity of 9.56 GW.
  • Wetzel Engineering Inc. (WEI), a specialized systems engineering company serving the international wind energy industry, announced that industry veteran Gary Kanaby has joined the company as director of marketing and sales. Kanaby will be responsible for business capture activities including growing marketshare among wind farm owners and operators.
  • According to a recent report, “Microgrids in Asia Pacific” from Navigant Research, cumulative investment in microgrids across the region will total $30.8 billion from 2014 to 2023. Demand for electricity and generation capacity from renewable energy sources is growing at an unprecedented rate in the Asia Pacific region. As a result, the number of microgrid projects deployed in Asia Pacific, both for electrification purposes and as experimental test beds, is also rising.
  • DTE Energy selected 84 new solar energy projects for inclusion in Phase 2 of DTE’s SolarCurrents customer-owned pilot program. A total of 74 residential projects, representing 616 kilowatts (kW) and ranging in size from 1 to 20 kW, will be offered incentives as part of Phase 2. These projects will be built in 10 counties in Southeastern Michigan. An additional 10 non-residential projects, representing 157 kW, will be built in six counties in Southeastern Michigan. These projects range in size from 5 to 20 kW. All applications for non-residential projects were accepted into the program.

BioEnergy Bytes

  • BioEnergyBytesDFThe Provo Office of the Bureau of Reclamation completed a ground mount, 96 panel solar energy system in a former unused grassy area on the south side of their building located at 302 East 1860 South in Provo this summer. Local company, TRA Snow and Sun, Inc. of American Fork, Utah, manufacturer of solar mounting systems and snow retention systems, supplied the ground mounting for the panels and Intermountain Wind and Solar was the integrator.
  • Solectria Renewables, LLC, a leading U.S. PV inverter manufacturer, announced today that it will supply 69 SGI 500XTM’s to Entropy Solar Integrators for seven projects in North Carolina. These projects are part of a portfolio being built by Entropy Solar Integrators and financed through affiliates of Entropy Investment Management.
  • Starwood Energy Group Global, LLC, a leading private investment firm focused on energy infrastructure, has announced that an affiliate has completed agreements to finance and construct its second wind farm, a 165 Megawatt (MW) project 45 miles south of Lubbock, Texas. The Stephens Ranch II project, which represents the second of two phases that will total 377 MW, will use GE 1.7-100 turbines and be built by Wanzek Construction, with completion scheduled for mid-2015.
  • MENA Clean Energy Forum will be take place in Dubai on December 9, 2014. The MENA Clean Energy Forum will bring together stakeholders interested in investing, financing, developing and operating clean energy projects in the regions. The summit will provide a platform for networking, knowledge transfer and new business development with decision makers within the clean energy Industry.

BioEnergy Bytes

  • BioEnergyBytesDFDessler Media has announced the launch of their nationwide television commercial campaign that is structured to provide solar companies around the nation with exclusive pre-qualified residential solar leads and pre-qualified in home appointments. The participating solar companies have a choice of either having Dessler’s call center set an in-home appointment after qualifying the caller or to set up a telephone appointment after qualifying the inbound lead.
  • Caltech’s Resnick Sustainability Institute has announced that nominations are open for the 2015 Resonate Awards. The awards are designed to bring attention to unheralded innovators with provocative ideas that contribute to long term sustainability. These include meeting the world’s energy needs sustainably, providing water and food for a growing world population, cleaning the environment, improving people’s access to the natural resources they need to live a productive life, and many others.
  • Solar Power Mid-Atlantic, a new regional event highlighting the strong solar industry in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland and Delaware, will be taking place September 9-10, 2014 in Atlantic City, New Jersey. The event is presented by Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA) and Solar Electric Power Association (SEPA). The two days of programming will offer in-depth sessions and keynotes on the challenges and opportunities in the Mid-Atlantic solar market, as well as exhibits and demonstrations from solar firms and networking events.
  • Denver-based SunShare has it has contracted with Adams County to provide the regional government with clean, reliable energy from Community Solar Gardens. Adams County will be the first county in the nation to power its buildings with privately developed Community Solar energy. SunShare is one of the nation’s first Community Solar providers.

BioEnergy Bytes

  • BioEnergyBytesDFDelegations from the U.S. and China will come to Los Angeles, California, August 16 and 17, 2014 to review the past and explore the future of U.S.-China relations. “Building Peace: The Growth of US-China Diplomatic and Trade Relations Celebration and Forum on the 35th Anniversary of the Renewal of Diplomatic Relations between the United States and China” is sponsored by the Chinese-American Federation and the Zhou Enlai Peace Institute. Climate Change will be a primary issue discussed.
  • Infocast has announced its inaugural Solar O&M 2014 Summit on October 1-2, 2014, at the Rancho Bernardo Inn, in San Diego, CA. At the Solar O&M 2014 Summit features an impressive roster of speakers including solar asset owners, investors, lenders and the O&M community will report on the latest developments in the ongoing effort to organize the industry to meet the challenges of operating and maintaining its expanding asset base. From the strategic factors shaping the O&M landscape to best practices on the ground, the event will provide the information and insight needed to better manage the industry’s assets and maximize its investments.
  • Palmetto has launched a new online investment platform that enables accredited individuals to invest their money in solar projects for secure returns of 6% and upwards. Palmetto says their offer is markedly different to other clean energy investment platforms: with Palmetto the investment is put into secure debt-style instruments and the minimum investment period can be as low as 12 months. This compares to other investments that lock up investors’ funds for much longer periods – sometimes five years and more – while paying a lower interest rate and providing less security. Palmetto believes that gaining direct access to retail investors via these solar-backed loan notes could be a tipping point for the industry, opening up much wider opportunities for solar financing.
  • Three new scholarships available through the online University of Wisconsin Sustainable Management program will help keep some green in students’ pockets while rewarding their dedication to furthering their careers and education. The Sustainable Employer Match Scholarship, the Green Student Scholarship, and the Sustainable Management Academic Scholarship are designed to provide new and returning students with assistance to pay for their education. Two scholarships are designed to help new students – the Sustainable Employer Match and the Green Student Scholarships. The Sustainable Employer Match is for students whose employers offer tuition-reimbursement programs. This scholarship covers the cost of one Sustainable Management course ($1,170), if the student’s employer covers the cost of a second course.

BioEnergy Bytes

  • BioEnergyBytesDFGreen Plains Inc. has announced that its Board of Directors has approved a share repurchase program of up to $100 million of the Company’s shares of common stock effective immediately. Under the share repurchase program, Green Plains may repurchase shares from time to time in open market transactions, privately negotiated transactions, accelerated share buyback programs, tender offers or by other means. The timing and amount of repurchase transactions will be determined by the Company’s management based on its evaluation of market conditions, share price, legal requirements and other factors.
  • Ground was officially broken on the Red Rock Hydroelectric Project (RHHP), which will retrofit the Lake Red Rock Dam near Pella, Iowa to provide up to 55MW of power during peak seasons. RRHP is being built by Missouri River Energy Services, and Voith will supply the turbines, generators, and associated controls that will help provide power for an estimated 18,000 homes and businesses. The project has a target completion date of 2018.
  • Ygrene Energy Fund, a leading national provider of residential and commercial property assessed clean energy (PACE) financing, has announced they have raised $30 million in growth capital from Virgo Investment Group. Ygrene will use the funds to grow its channel contractor network, further expand its national footprint, and accelerate market awareness for PACE financing. The company appointed Mike Cary, former President of CIT Home Lending, as COO to immediately execute on its growth initiatives.
  • Juhl Energy, Inc. has announced they have completed its previously announced acquisition of two operating wind farms in Iowa. The $4 million acquisition closed on August 11th, 2014, and the wind projects are now wholly-owned by Juhl Energy. The two GE XLE 1.62 MW wind turbines are located in North Central Iowa near the towns of Manley and Kensett. The wind turbines are installed on private farmland approximately 10 miles apart from each other and have been commercially operating since 2011.

BioEnergy Bytes

  • BioEnergyBytesDFWide bandgap (WBG) materials such as silicon carbide (SiC) and gallium nitride (GaN) are best positioned to address emerging power electronics performance needs in electric vehicles (EVs), with SiC displacing silicon as early as 2020, according to Lux Research report, “Silicon vs. WBG: Demystifying Prospects of GaN and SiC in the Electrified Vehicle Market“. As silicon struggles to meet higher performance standards, WBG materials are benefiting critically from evolving battery economics.
  • Hanergy Holding Group Limited, a multinational clean-energy power generator and a leading thin-film solar company, today announced that it has completed the acquisition of Alta Devices, whose thin film solar technology has a conversion efficiency of 30.8 percent, the highest among the solar energy technologies currently available in the world.
  • Whether it’s established markets concerned about securing long-term energy supply or emerging nations seeking to efficiently improve their generating capacity, biomass for power generation is taking a strong hold on the global market. According to the July analysis of the Waste Business Finder database, published in Waste Industry Sales Monitor, there were 43 such projects, with an identifiable value of US $1.3 billion. The popularity of biomass is being driven by the array of biomass types – from animal/agricultural waste, through domestic food waste to forestry residues – allowing countries to specialize in the types most available to them. In this way, developing countries such as Burma, Honduras or Nigeria, which all reported developments in the month, can more easily meet their growing electricity generation needs.
  • The U.S. carport market has emerged as a substantial component of the U.S. solar industry. According to the latest report from GTM Research, “U.S. Solar Carport Market 2014-2018: Landscape, Outlook and Leading Companies,” the U.S. is forecasted to add over 180 megawatts of solar carports in 2014, making it the fourth consecutive year with more than 100 megawatts installed.

BioEnergy Bytes

  • BioEnergyBytesDFKazakhstan adopted a new feed-in tariff in July 2014. The EBRD has worked with the Ministry of Industry and New Technologies and the Ministry of Environmental Protection to help develop various aspects of the new legislation. The tariff is set at 34,61 tenge/kWh (approx. 14 eurocents), and will be fully indexed/adjusted for inflation annually. The term of the Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) is 15 years. With the new tarriff in place, PrimeSolar is developing a 100 MW project at Jambyl Province. Construction is scheduled to begin in April of 2015.
  • CHS Inc has announced that Mark Palmquist, executive vice president and chief operating officer, Ag Business, will leave the organization effective Aug. 31, 2014, to assume the top leadership role with an Australian grain company. Current CHS strategic leadership team member Shirley Cunningham will assume a new role as executive vice president and chief operating officer, Ag Business and Enterprise Strategy. Palmquist will become managing director and chief executive officer of GrainCorp, Sydney, Australia, on Oct. 1, 2014.
  • While plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are now available in all U.S. states, most Canadian provinces and territories, and in every Western European country, they are not readily accessible in the Asia Pacific region. That will change over the next several years as Asia Pacific becomes the largest market for PEV sales. According to a recent report, “Electric Vehicle Geographic Forecasts,” from Navigant Research, sales of PEVs in North America, Western Europe, and Asia Pacific will grow from 352,000 annually in 2014 to 1.8 million in 2023.
  • STR Holdings, Inc. has announced its entry into a strategic relationship with Zhenfa Energy Group Co., Ltd., a leading developer of solar PV power stations based in Chongqing, China. The contemplated transactions with Zhenfa, which are subject to approval by STR stockholders and satisfaction of other customary closing conditions, include the sale of shares of common stock representing a 51% interest in STR (based on current shares outstanding) for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $21.7 million, the payment by the Company of a special dividend in the aggregate amount of approximately $22.6 million to STR stockholders of record after the closing date (excluding Zhenfa), and the execution of a Sales Service Agreement pursuant to which Zhenfa will, among other things, help drive sales of STR encapsulant to China-based solar module manufacturers.